Risk assessment

Risks of material misstatements in financial reporting may exist in relation to recognition and measurement of assets, liabilities, revenue and cost or inadequate disclosure and documentation.

Items in the balance sheet and the income statement based on estimates, or generated by complex processes, are relatively more exposed to risk of error than other items. Major items in this respect include impairment test of intangible assets with indefinite useful life, inventory, deferred tax, provisions for pensions and other post-employment benefits, share-based compensation, warranty provisions, provisions for restructuring, claims reserves and contingent liabilities. For further information refer to note 2 in the Annual Report 2016.

The Group’s finance function performs risk assessments regarding the Group’s balance sheet and income statement, taking into consideration both qualitative and quantitative risks. The purpose of this risk assessment is to direct internal control activities to these areas and to ensure that internal control regarding financial reporting is satisfactory.